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Posts Tagged ‘ubuntu’

ubuntu-gutsy-gibbon

I
Tengo que hablar de un asunto
si usted me da su permiso
me las tienen por el piso
los que preguntan de ubunto
quiero que entienda mi punto
porque ya no lo tolero
aunque le suene grocero
le pido al operador
ponga fin a este dolor
un ban para el ubuntero

II
entiéndame la intención
pasaré a fundamentar
por qué lo quiero expulsar
comienzo mi explicación
me mueve la compasión
no me tome por violento
se merece un escarmiento
para que tome conciencia
he visto otra penitencia
que causa más sufrimiento

III
A continuación doy muestra
de lo que pasó una vez
aquí mismo en debian-es
fui testigo en la palestra
de una actitud siniestra
cuando uno que sabía
decidió que respondía
al fulano impertinente
que preguntaba insistente
pero los man no leia

IV
preguntó siempre lo mismo
compiz fusion, o beríl
con actitud infantil
caminaba hacia el abismo
tecleaba con optimismo
cualquier clase de instrucción
sin hacer la reflexión
ni investigar solo un poco
metió comando a lo loco
y esa fue su perdición

V
confiado en aquel extraño
quien solo por diversión
desbarrancó su ilusión
por medio de un vil engaño
le ofreció “el tip del año”
pobrecito el infeliz
ejecutó en el raiz
erre eme guion erre
la efe y enter por cierre
sin comprender el desliz

VI
al cabo de unos segundos
todo el sistema al garete
por culpa de aquel sorete
que le pasó ese comando
el tipo quedó putiando
maldiciendo y enojado
por no haber investigado
por no buscar en la red
la solución, mire usted
en google hubiera encontrado

VII
Pero al final del relato
fijese lo que pasó
el ubuntero aprendió
que por más que sea novato
conviene leer un rato
y prestar más atención
al buscar la solución
porque te puede ir muy mal
si no elegis el canal
para tu distribución

— Fin —

(via Danubuntu)

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We’re often asked why we don’t endorse a particular system-usually a popular GNU/Linux distribution. The short answer to that question is that they don’t follow the free system distribution guidelines. But since it isn’t always easy to see how a particular system fails to follow the guidelines, we still get these questions. We’ve published this list to help address those.

All of the distributions listed on this page fail to follow the guidelines in at least two important ways:

  • They do not have a policy of only including free software, and removing nonfree software if it is discovered. Most of them have no clear policy on what software they’ll accept or reject at all. The distributions that do have a policy unfortunately aren’t strict enough, as explained below.
  • The version of the kernel Linux that they distribute includes blobs: pieces of object code, distributed without source, usually to help operate some device.

Below are additional notes about some popular GNU/Linux distributions, listed in alphabetical order.

This may not be a list of every issue; while we’ve done our best to be comprehensive, there may be other issues that we simply don’t know about. On the flip side, circumstances might have changed since we last updated this page; if you think one of the issues here has been addressed, please let us know. We review all systems carefully before endorsing them.

CentOS

We’re not aware of problems in CentOS aside from the two listed above: there’s no clear policy about what software can be included, and nonfree blobs are shipped with Linux. Of course, with no firm policy in place, there might be other nonfree software included that we missed

Debian

Debian’s Social Contract does say that all software in the main distribution will be free software.

Unfortunately, that’s not always true in practice. Debian has repeatedly made tacit or explicit exceptions for specific pieces of nonfree software, such as the blobs included in or accompanying Linux. We’re still hopeful that there won’t be such exceptions in the future, but we can’t turn a blind eye to the situation as it stands today.

Debian also provides a repository of nonfree software. According to the project, this software is “not part of the Debian system.” We understand that’s important for organizational reasons, but users would be hard-pressed to make a distinction. The nonfree repositories are often featured as prominently as the main ones throughout Debian’s web site, documentation, and other materials.

Fedora

Fedora does have a clear policy about what can be included in the distribution, and it seems to be followed carefully. The policy requires that most software and all fonts be available under a free license, but makes an exception for certain kinds of nonfree firmware. Unfortunately, the decision to allow that firmware in the policy keeps Fedora from meeting the free system distribution guidelines.

Gentoo

Gentoo makes it easy to install a number of nonfree programs through their primary package system.

Mandriva

Mandriva does have a stated policy about what can be included in the main system. It’s based on Fedora’s, which means that it also allows certain kinds of nonfree firmware to be included. On top of that, it permits software released under the original Artistic License to be included, even though that’s a nonfree license.

Mandriva also provides nonfree software through dedicated repositories.

OpenSUSE

OpenSUSE offers its users access to a repository of nonfree software.

Red Hat

Red Hat’s enterprise distribution doesn’t seem to have a clear policy about what software can be included.

Our understanding is that it makes it easy to obtain nonfree software, even beyond the proprietary firmware included with Fedora.

Slackware

We’re not aware of problems in Slackware aside from the two listed above: there’s no clear policy about what software can be included, and nonfree blobs are shipped with Linux. Of course, with no firm policy in place, there might be other nonfree software included that we missed.

SUSE

Several nonfree software programs are available for download from SUSE’s official FTP site.

Ubuntu

Ubuntu provides specific repositories of nonfree software. Even if you don’t use them, the default application installer will advertise nonfree software to you.

What about BSD distributions?

FreeBSD, NetBSD, and OpenBSD all include instructions for obtaining nonfree programs in their ports system. Also, BSD kernels include drivers with nonfree firmware. Nonfree firmwares in Linux are called “blobs,” but in BSD parlance “blob” has a different meaning. Thus, when BSD developers say their distributions contains no blobs, it is a miscommunication; they are talking about something else.

Fuente: gnu.org

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